Unit 2 Language
1.然后盎格鲁人和撒克逊人占领了不列颠。 Then the Angles and the Saxons ____ Britain. 2. 那就是为什么英语有许多令人困惑的规则的原因。 This is ___ English has so many difficult rules that _____ people. 3. 英语确实从法语那里借来了许多单词。 The English language ___borrow many words from ___ 4. 1066年，诺曼人打败了英国并控制了整个国家。 In 1066, the Normans ____ England and ____ ___ ___ the country. 5.相对于其它危险而言,人类遭受鲨鱼攻击的几率是很小的 The ____ of ____ ___ by a shark are very small __ ___ other dangers.
1.Parents are likely to be invited to this New Year’s party. 2.An earthquake may result in the spread of deadly diseases. 3.The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. 4. In 1066, the Normans conquered England and took control of the country. 5.The chances of being attacked by a shark are very small compared to other dangers.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.
made up 组成 2. consist of /be made up of 由…组成 3. pick up 拿起，捡起 4. contribute… to 捐献, 贡献, 投稿,促成 5. take control of 控制 6. mother tongue 母语 对…有很深的影响 7. have an impact on 8. result in 导致 9. depend on 依靠 在整个历史过程中 10.throughout history 11.undergo huge changes 经历巨大的变化 12.replace …with 用…来代替 随身携带… 13.bring…with sb.
1.与…不同 1.differ from 2.在…方面,因为 2.in that 3.随着时间流逝 3.over time 4.总体来说 4.as a whole 5.在二十世纪50年代 5.in the 1950s 6.代表 6.stand for 7.从广义上来说 7.in its broad sense 8.通知某人某事 8.inform sb. of sth. 9.曾经,一度 9.at one time 10.因为 10.due to
be made up of 由…组成，由…构成 Make up 组成 Consist of 由…组成 Consist in 在于 consist with 和…一致
make up Fifty students ___________ Class three. consist with What you say now does not ___________ what you said the other day. consists in Cooperation ____________ helping one another and in sharing losses and gains. consists of Life ___________laughter and tears. consists in The beauty of the picture ___________its colors.
1)Many people are willing to contribute their money to Hope Project . 捐赠，捐助 2)She is a brilliant writer and she contributes several articles to several magazines at the same time. 投稿 3)Her work has contributed enormously to our understanding of this difficult subject. 增加，增进 4)As we know, alcohol contributes to 100,000 deaths a year in the US. 导致
despite (prep.): in spite of 后跟名词，代 词，或者动名词 1)尽管生病,他还是去工作。 He went to work despite his illness. 2)尽管很想再见到他，她却不愿给他回信． Despite wanting to see him again, she refused to reply to his letter. 3)尽管她有好多人跟着，她仍然感到害怕 Despite the fact that she was accompanied by many people, she still felt frighten.
1. result in V. 结果;导致 (lead to) 粗心造成大量交通事故。 Carelessness resulted in lots of accidents. 2. result from (because of, due to) 他的失败主要是懒惰所致。 His failure resulted largely from his laziness. 3.as a result (of) / as a result 由于下雨,我们取消了野炊. It rains today, as a result, we have to put off our picnic. As a result of rain, we have to put off our picnic.
where a person comes Even today, _______ from will affect their style of speech. The question of _______ whether English will continue changing in the future is easy to answer. what The language they create is _____we now call Old English. why English is a language with That is _____ so many confusing rules. that we would not In fact, it is certain _____ be able to understand it if we heard it today.
一.it作形式主语---to do, doing, clause(that/what/..)
1.To be early is better.
It’s better to be early.
2.Standing here in the cold is no good .
It’s no good standing here in the cold.
3.That I didn’t think of it earlier is a pity.
It is a pity that I didn’t think of it earlier.
4.When we use certain words depends on the style of writing.
It depends on the style of writing when we use certain words.
二.当seem, appear, happen, chance, turn out 和 prove在句子中作谓语动词时,也可以用形式主语 it . He seems to speak two languages. It seems that he speaks two languages. My new neighbour happens to come from my hometown. It happens that my new neighbour comes from my hometown.
1.他似乎非常以他的女儿而自豪. It appears that he is proud of his daughter. He appears to be proud of his daughter. 2.结果她竟是我的表妹. It turns out that she is my cousin. She turns out to be my cousin. 3.似乎我这些天更健忘了. It seems that I am more forgetful these days. I seem to be more forgetful these days. 4.当我打电话时,她碰巧在家. It happened that she was in when I called. She happened in when I called.
1.--- Why was the man taken away by the police? --- He ____ the jewelry shop last night, when the shop was robbed. A. was noticed enter B. was observed to enter C was observing to enter D. observed someone to enter 2．It is believed that women’s sense of smell is ______ the smell of babies. A. linked to recognize B. linking to recognize C. linked to recognizing D. link to recognizing 3．_____ the experiment is successful remains ______. A. Why; to see B. Whether; to be seen C. If; to prove D. How; to prove 4．So far, only about 30 types of sharks have ever been reported ______ human beings. A. as attack B. for attacking C. to attacking D. as attacking
5. It is more ______ that plants have just one or two senses. A. likely B. possibly C. probably B. sure 6．Don’t be late again if you want to avoid ____ by the boss. A. punishment B. to be punished C. being punished D. punishing 7．____ surprise me most is that she doesn’t even know ____ the difference between the two lies. A. What; what B. What; where C. That; what D. That; where 8. —Do you often go swimming? —No, but I________ A.used to do B. was used to it C. was used to D. used to
9. ----___ that he managed to get the information? ---- Oh, a friend of his helped him. A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it 10. Some steps have been taken to prevent the river ______. A. to be polluted B. from polluting C. to pollute D. from being polluted 11. When I passed the National Hall, I heard the clock _________ twelve. A. strike B. striking C. knocks D. knocking 12. ___ seems strange to us is ____ the troublesome boy is getting along well with all his teachers. A. It; that B. What; how C. It; how D. What; that