YES, WE CAN!
虹口区 2013 学年第一学期期末
2014.1 Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The term home schooling means educating children at home or in places other than a normal setting such as a public or private school. These days, homeschooling in America is 51 , Teaching methods at homeschooling 52 . Some parents follow a strict timetable an 53 a traditional school environment. Other parents follow an extreme form of homeschooling in which they do not give grades or tests and allow their children to study wherever they want. More parents, however, follow the middle 54 to provide a balance between freedom and discipline. Why do parents choose homeschooling? Some believe that children in public schools experience too much “peer pressure” or social pressure from friends. They say it may have a 55 effect on the child’s studies. Other parents are dissatisfied with the quality of education in the public school. About half the parents who teach at home are 56 motivated and use lesson s by mail or Internet from church schools. Whatever the 57 may be, it is evident that more and more children are being taken out of normal schools every year. 58 , many questions have emerged, encouraging the debate over home schooling against public schooling. What then is the future of educating? Although children often learn well at home, weak regulations in most states mean that officials rarely challenge or 59 parents who say they are home-schooling, as the 60 continues, so do the questions about what homeschoolers are studying at home. How can parent ensure that their children are prepared academically for college? How are homeschoolers 61 to make sure they are getting the same education standards that school students must have? Recent studies in the United States have shown that homeschooled children tend to be slightly better in subjects like English and art, but they are obviously less 62 match and science. Finally, there are questions regarding the children’s emotional development. Are they too 63 their fellow students? Are they 64 the opportunity to get the social benefits of being in a large classroom of students? As with any debatable issue, the answers to these questions are never 65 51. A. disappearing 52. A. vary 53.A. imitate 55. A. positive 56. A. economically 57. A. effects 85. A. As a result 60. A. appreciation 61. A. assessed 62.. A. satisfied with 63. A. ignorant of 64. A. creating 65. A. acceptable B reducing. B. last B. alter B. practical B. religiously B. suggestions B. On the whole B. opposition B. chosen B. involved in B. isolated from B. grasping B. informative C. contributing C. exist C. promote C. negative C. physically C. reasons C. By the way C. contact C. expectation C. skilled at C. connected with C. awaiting C. one-sided D. rising D. work D. neglect D. remarkable D. psychologically D. pressures D. In addition D. monitor D. debate D. sure of D. worried about D. losing D. practical
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
YES, WE CAN!
A. scarcely B. relieve C. contemporary D. contemporary E. contrasts F. memory G. composed H. intended I. convey J. especially K. unexpected There is a tendency to think of each of the arts as a separate area of activity. Many artists, however, would prove that there has always been a warm relationship between the 41 areas of human activity. For example, in the late nineteenth century the connections between music and painting were 42 close. Artists were invited to design clothes and settings for operas and ballets, but sometimes it was the musicians who were inspired by the work of 43 painters. Of the musical compositions as responses to the visual arts, perhaps the most famous is Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition. Mussorgsky 44 the piece in 1874 after the death, at the age of 39, of the artist Victor Hartman. Thought their friendship had not been a particularly long-lasting one, Mussorgsky was shocked by Hartmann’s 45 death. The following year the Mussorgsky try to 46 his grief by writing something in 47 of Hartmann. The exhibition served as Mussorgsky’s inspiration. The ten pieces that make up Pictures at an Exhibition are 48 as symbols rather than representation of the paintings in the exhibition. Between each is a promenade (舞曲中的行进), as the composer walks from one painting to another. The music is sometimes witty and playful, sometimes almost alarming and frightening. Thought a range of surprising 49 , Mussorgsky manages to 50 the spirit of the artist and his work.
Section B. Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) “It seems likely that a caged elephant would miss the wilderness it was born into.” a six-year study revealed. British and Canadian scientists studied 4500 elephants in European zoos and compared them with elephants living in the wild. They found that wild elephants are healthier, live longer and reproduce more than those elephants in zoos. When it comes to living in a zoo, “many species do well but elephants don’t,” said Georgia Mason, one of the researchers of the study. Many animals live longer in zoos than they do in the wild. This isn’t surprising when you consider that zoo animals are not threatened by predators(掠食者),always have plenty to eat, and have professionals on hand to care for them. When it comes to elephants, however, the situation is different. The world’s largest land animals live much longer in the wild than they do in zoos. Female African elephants born in zoos live on average for 17 years, while those in the wild make it to 56.” So far,” says Mason, “We’ve got 300 African elephants in zoos in Europe, and not one’s yet reached 50. Asian elephants are the more endangered of the two elephant species. They live for about 19 years in captivity(圈养) compared to 42 years, in the wild. A few wild Asian elephants have even made it into their 70s. In Kenya, 30 to 50 percent of wild elephants reach 50 years of age. Fatness and stress are likely causes for the giant land animals early death in captivity, Mason said. The researchers say that zoos do not offer enough space for animals that can travel as far as 48 kilometers a day. Too little exercise and too much food means captive elephants put on extra weight. The weight gain can lead to heart disease and other health problems. Being” caged” is bad for health, not only for elephants, but also for humans. Be careful not to become a “caged elephant”!
YES, WE CAN! TEACHER. LI 66. Many animals live longer in zoos owing to the following reasons EXCEPT that ________. A. they are far away from the danger of being eaten. B. they can be in a better mood there. C. they needn’t worry about their food at all. D. they are taken good care of. 67. Which of the following may probably result in the early death of elephants in zoos? A. Stress and lack of delicious food. B. Loneliness and little space for activities. C. Lack of delicious food and enough exercise. D. Being stressed and over weight. 68. What can be concluded from the passage? A. Zoos are not suitable for animals to live in. B. None of the animals live well in zoos due to lack of exercise. C. Compared with the elephants in zoos, wild elephants are healthier. D. Asian elephants can live longer than African elephants in zoos. 69. What’s the passage mainly about? A. The living conditions of animals in the world are worsening. B. Elephants can live a longer time in the wild than the zoos. C. All of us should take actions to protect wild animals. D. The places where wild animals live are being damaged seriously. (B)
Mondays to Fridays Oxford Oxford to London-Paddington 09: 05-------------- 10: 01 09: 48-------------- 10: 42 10: 05-------------- 11: 04 10: 35-------------- 11: 34 London-Paddington London-Paddington to Oxford 11: 15-------------- 12: 14 11: 45-------------- 12: 44 12: 00-------------- 12: 56 12: 15-------------- 13: 14
Friends Membership Card THE HAMILTON PLAYHOUSE 0 0 1 3 6 7 8 9 Valid until 23 May 2013 Name: Miss E.M. Driscoll Box Office: 10865 305305 THE HAMILTON PLAYHOUSE When booking always ask for your Friends Discount Give your membership number when booking Please bring your card with you when collecting tickets Your membership card is valid until the date shown on the front This card is your proof of membership ---- please keep it safe at all times U.S. Families with a Laptop (Percentage)
100 80 60 40 20 0 White Black Asian Spanish 2003 2013
YES, WE CAN! French Slam ＄4.29 French toast, two eggs any style, two pieces of bacon and two sausage links. Sandwich with Salad or soup ＄4.35 Chicken breast on bread. Served with your choice of garden salad, Caesar salad, vegetable beef or soup of the . The Classic Hamburger ＄4.99 Over 1\3 pound. Topped with tomato, red onions and cheese.
TEACHER. LI Chicken Fried Steak ＄5.09 A southern style! Golden fried and covered with French cheese. The Super Bird ＄5.49 Thin flat pieces of chicken breast with Swiss cheese, bacon and tomato on bread. Chinese Chicken Salad ＄5.99 Chicken breast, mushrooms, green peppers, and onions. Topped with tomatoes and fried noodles. Served with bread.
70. Which of the following is one of the membership card? A. Its number is 10865 305305 B. It gets the owner a discount when used. C. It is valid through the year of 2013 D. It belongs to Mr.E.M.Driscoll 71. If one wants to attend a business lunch in London at 12:00, the latest train that he should take at Oxford leaves at_________. A. 09:48 B. 10:35 C. 11:15 D. 11:45 72. If you would like to have vegetable beef, what may be your choice? A. French Slam B. Chicken Fried Steak C. Sandwich with Salad or Soup D. The Super Bird 73. The chart shows that from 2008 to 2013, _________. A. The percentage of the Spanish families with a laptop rose 60 points. B. The percentage of the White families with a laptop remained unchanged C. The number of the Black families with a laptop was on the decrease D. The number of the Asian families with a laptop showed the sharpest increase (C) Women’s minds work differently from men’s. Psychologists view the subject either as a matter of failure or a joke. Now the biologists have moved to this field, and some of them have found that there are real differences between the brains of men and women. But being different, they point out hurriedly, is not the same as being better or worse. There is, however, a definite structural variation between the male and the female brain. The difference is in a part of the brain that is used in the most complex intellectual process--the link between the two halves of the brain. The two halves are linked by trunk line of between 200 and 300 million nerves, the corpus callosum. Scientists have found quite recently that the corpus callosum in women is always larger and probably richer in nerve fibers than it is in men. This is the first time that a structural difference has been found between the brains of women and men and it must have some significance. The question is what?, and if this difference exists, are there others? Research shows that present day women think differently and behave differently from men. Are some of these differences biological and inborn, a result of evolution? We tend to think that is the influence of society that produces these differences. But could we be wrong? Research showed that these two halves of the brain had different functions, and that the corpus callosum enabled them to work together. The better the connections, the mors harmoniously the two halves work. Usually, women have the better connections. But it is not all that easy to explain the actual differences between the skills of men and women on this basis. Is schools throughout the world girls tend to be better that boys at language subjects and boys better at math. If these differences correspond with the differences in the trunk line, there is an unchangeable distinction between the sexes. We shall not know for a while, partly because we don’t know the exact relationship between abilities in school subjects and the functioning of the two halves of the brain. And we can not understand how he two halves interact
YES, WE CAN! TEACHER. LI through the corpus callosum. But one thing is certain: nothing in our world is still--even scientific thought. 74. Which of the following statements is true? A. Biologists are doing research where psychologists have given up. B. Brain differences point to advantages of one sex over the other. C. The structural difference in the brain between the sexes has long been known. D. The brain difference is the only difference between sexes. 75. According to the passage, it is commonly believed that brain differences are caused by____. A. Biological B. Psychological C. Physical D. Social 76. The expression of “these differences” refers to those in _______. A. Skills of men and women B. School subjects C. The brain structure of the men and women D. Learning habits 77. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To discuss the various factors that cause brain differences B. To explain the link between sex and structure C. To suggest new areas in brain research D. To indicate the many differences between the sexes Section C Directions: read the following passage and answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. You are what you eat and fats are a main food for Asia’s fast-food generation. Dr. Chwang, director of the department of Food Nutrition, says children are consuming more and more meat and soft drinks. That is a thorough departure from the traditional diet of vegetables and rich and little meat. “ they like big pieces of fried meat with a soft drink. So although they may eat the same volume of food, their calorie intake has increased. Now about 40 to 45 percent of their calories come from fat,” says Chwang. Although od the whole Asians tend towards thinness, Asians’ hospitality is the first and foremost reason for the fatness of today’s generation, according to Chwang. “Asian people love food,” she says. “Eating and drinking are important social and family functions.” in the past, however, big meals were only hosted on special occasions as people were more careful with money. In today’s climate of wealth and remarkable consumption, 10-course meals no longer reserved for significant occasions. Needless to say, that children are being spoilt by their parents is another cause of children’s overweight. More than anyone else, children are on the receiving end of their parents’ improved circumstances. “in the past, people had four or more children--now, they have one or two, so they tend to spoil them, ” says Chwang. “the easiest way is to give them quality food. Parents think feeding them well is showing their love. They feel bad when their children look thin” When describing the physical condition of most overweight Asian children, Chwang says: there is a clear relationship between fatness and indoor play children spend too much time on. Children get fat because they don’t move, and eventually, they don’t want to move because they are fat. Thanks to technology, a growing army of children prefer video games to old outdoor sports. “what do children do when watching TV or sitting in front of the computer playing video games? They eat chocolate and drink Coke” says Chwang. 78. Despite the same volume of food, children take in more calories due to ________. 79. Thanks to__________________________________, big meals nowadays are no longer enjoyed on special occasions. 80. Why do some parents feel bad when their children look thin? 81. According to Dr. Chwang, what are the three factors causing Asian children’s overweight?
YES, WE CAN! 参考答案 41. C 42. J 43.D 44.G 45. K 46. B 47.F 48.H 49. E 50. I
第三大题，共 47 分。 Section A 每小题 1 分，共 15 分。 51. D 52. A 53. A 54. B 55. C 56. B 57.C 58. A Section B 每小题 2 分，共 24 分。 (A) 66. B 67. D 68.C 69. B (B) 70. B Section C 每小题 2 分，共 8 分。 78. big pieces of fried meat with a soft drink 80. Because they think they can’t show their love.
(C) 74. A
79. climate of wealth and remarkable consumption 81. Hospitality, children’s being spoilt and much indoor play.
I. 翻译 共 22 分。 1. My mother and I visited the newly-built botanic garden on National Day this year. 2. Who on earth do you think has made the greatest progress in physics this term? 3. Never before have people paid so much attention to the issue of food safety as they do today. 4. Talking of the incident, once (it is) open/disclosed to the public, it will be made into a film sooner or later. 5. At the graduation ceremony, despite the continuous rain, the students who took part in the performance still demonstrated their cooperation and self-confidence perfectly.