沭阳银河学校 2014-2015 学年度第一学期 12 月月考
（考试时间：120 分 试卷满分 120 分） 说明： 本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分， 第 I 卷第一至第三部分(选 择题)答案请涂在机读答题卡相应位置上。 第 I 卷选择题(三部分，共 85 分) 一、听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答 有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the woman imply? A. She didn’t clean the apartment. B. She’ll help the man clean his apartment. C. She needs to clean the lab. 2. What does the woman mean? A. She saw the man run out. B. She thought the man’s laundry was done badly. C. She was sorry the man couldn’t finish his laundry. 3. What does the man imply? A. His coach didn’t help him enough. B. He had no chance of winning. C. He didn’t follow his coach’s advice. 4. What does the woman mean? A. She likes the new theatre in town. B. She expects the theatre to close down. C. She’s surprised by the news.
5. What does the man say about the activities? A. They aren’t very good because they’re so different. B. He thinks they should do both. C. It doesn’t matter which one they do. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） ） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间 阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或 独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6~8 小题。 6. Why doesn’t the man book the seats downstairs? A. Too expensive. B. Too close to the stage. C. Uncomfortable.
7. When does the man plan to see the performance? A. Next Saturday. B. On October 21st. C. On October 25th.
8. How much does each upstairs ticket cost? A. $10. B. $3.75. C. $2.50.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 9~11 小题。 9. What are the speakers probably doing according to the conversation? A. Discussing a plan. B. Having an interview. C. Having a meeting.
10. How many sisters does the man at least have? A. Two. B. Only one. C. Three.
11. What can you infer from the woman’s last words? A. The man is allowed to have the job. B. The man is asked to go to college. C. The man is refused to work in the college. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What is NOT true about the man? A. Water is running down his leg.
B. He can not breathe well after a walk. C. He hasn’t been sleeping well because of the pain in his leg. 13. What has caused the trouble? A. The woman doesn’t know yet. B. He was burnt by boiling water. C. He has tired himself out in his work. 14. What’s the woman’s name? A. Doctor Cook. B. Doctor Martin. C. The conversation doesn’t tell us.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Where are the man and the woman going? A. To the bus station. B. To the police station. C. To the railway station.
16. What does the woman think they should do? A. Take a taxi. B. Walk slowly. C. Leave the bags with the police.
17. What does the man find out at last? A. Fifteen minutes is too long. B. The traffic is moving too slowly. C. He is not able to carry two bags. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. According to the passage, what were dogs trained for in the past? A. For protection against other animals. B. For protection against other dogs. C. Just for fun. 19. Why were dogs used for hunting? A. Because they did not eat other animals. B. Because they were useful for protection. C. Because they always obeyed their masters. 20. What is the most important reason for people in the city to keep dogs now? A. For companionship. B. For amusement. C. For protection against robbery.
第二部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节：单项填空(共 15 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 21. Raising _______ retirement age in progressive steps is in _____ line with China’s labor market realities and should be prioritized, an official said Tuesday. A. the ; / B. /; the C. /; / D. the; the
22. Nelson Mandela’s fellow campaigner, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, said Mr. Mandela was ―not only an amazing gift to humankind, but he also made South Africans and Africans feel good about being _______ we are. He made us walk tall.‖ A. what B. where C. when D. who
23. ---I didn’t expect that John would be absent from my last Sunday’s birthday party. --- As far as I know, he ______ to see his parents in the countryside on Sundays. A. goes B. went C. has gone D. had gone
24. That’s why, as a country, we offer temporary unemployment insurance – so that job-seekers don’t fall into poverty, and _________ when they get that job, they bounce back more quickly. A. therefore B. because C. in case D. so that
25. _____ to improving services, we will provide customers with all the information they need. A. Being committed B. Having committed C. Committed D. Committing
26. Time is pressing; it’s impossible for me to get there in an hour, ________ the possible delays. A. accounting for B. answering for C. allowing for D. heading for
27. You can stay there for as long as your supplies of food and water can ________. A. hold up B. hold on C. hold back D. hold out
28. Not giving up when meeting with difficulties is a good quality, ______ you can benefit from. A. what B. that C. one D. the one
29. ___________the many ways illegal immigrants come into the United States every year,
the vehicle crammed with crowds seems to be the method of choice lately. However, tragedies such as deaths on the journey to the destination, are sometimes reported nowadays． A. In B. For C. Of D. On
30. Last year alone, the temporary unemployment unsurance lifted 2.5 million people out of poverty, and ________ the blow for many more. A. corrected B. cushioned C. compensated D. corresponded
31. Nowadays, many parents are trying to either prevent their children from failure, or protect them from the knowledge ______ they have failed. A. when B. where C. what D. that
32. --- _______ the plane have taken off on time? --- I’m afraid not. So many flights were delayed due to the bitterly cold weather. A. Will B. Should C. Can D. Must
33. The first thing you must remember is that in order to succeed, it is almost compulsory that you ______ optimistic. A. be B. need to be C. will be D. shall be
34. While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to employ you _____ your abilities must be you displayed in an orderly and reasonably connected manner. A. while B. when C. and D. but
35. --- The manager of the factory wants to improve production a great deal, but he doesn’t spend much on technology. ---I am afraid he won’t realize his dream. You know ________. A. empty vessels make the greatest sound C. enough is as good as a feast B. you can’t eat your cake and have it D. two heads are better than one
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从 36～55 各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。
Could the Internet be totally free and should it be? Should the Internet be regulated? The recent disorder in the Arab world __36__ by a disputed video damaging the image of Prophet Muhammad shows the United States, which is busy __37__ global Internet freedom, has paid a huge price __38__ the lives of its diplomats。 In an unregulated Internet world, cheating, violence or rumors can __39__ serious consequences. Many countries across the world are periodically suffering from ―rumors‖ __40__ by the Internet and social media. The US-led West always promotes Internet freedom and __41__ any regulation as investigation, but it should think twice if it calculates the heavy price that has been and has to be paid for ―__42__‖. Moreover, __43__ the Internet in the West __44__ to be free, with no obvious __45__ and no limited sites, isn’t the structure of the main pages already hand-controlled, with selected press agencies and __46__ occupying clearly dominating positions? The Internet has helped fight injustice, __47__ corruption in places so far apart as Indonesia, India and Latin America. But the Internet could be extremely __48__ as well. Various racist or separatist organizations are using their Internet sites to fan __49__. Those who are spreading hate are frequently using the Internet as their tool. No country can __50__ to make the Internet absolutely free. The question is how to keep free flow of information __51__ while protecting children from unhealthy works, common citizens from __52__ rumors and countries from unfair and damaging propaganda (宣传) attacks. And who sets the limits? The __53__ is that there will never be a perfect system. Every country will have to __54__ its own system, based on its culture, social __55__ and the degree of danger it ’s facing. 36. A. led 37. A. helping 38. A. for 39. A. bring B. caused B. processing B. at B. reach C. fetch C. damaged C. promoting C. with D. take D. attacked D. improving D. off
40. A. spread 41. A. supports 42. A. free 43. A. as if 44. A. happens 45. A. interruption 46. A. programs 47. A. uncover 48. A. beneficial 49. A. expressions 50. A. refuse 51. A. unpolluted 52. A. evil 53. A. importance 54. A. develop 55. A. trends
B. exposed B. follows B. accessible B. even if B. intends B. interference B. substances B. strike B. useful B. impressions B. afford B. unskilled B. meaningful B. conclusion B. invent B. structure
C. delivered C. opposes C. available C. so that C. offers C. defense C. channels C. prevent C. sensitive C. passions C. fail C. unoccupied C. untrue
D. passed D. dislikes D. healthy D. in that D. appears D. preference D. sources D. avoid D. destructive D. affections D. attempt D. uninterrupted D. effective D. possibility D. study
C. description C. change C. surroundings D. factors
第三部分：阅读理解(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出最佳选项。 A Hi, everybody. Over the past couple months, most of the political headlines you’ve read have probably been about the government shutdown and the launch of the Affordable Care Act. And I know that many of you have rightly never been more frustrated with Washington. But if you look beyond those headlines, there are some good things happening in our economy. And that’s been my top priority since the day I walked into the Oval Office. After decades in which the middle class was working harder and harder just to keep up, and a punishing recession that made it worse, we made the tough choices required not just to recover from crisis, but to rebuild on a new foundation for stronger, more durable economic growth.
Five years later, we have fought our way back. Our businesses have created 7.8 million new jobs in the past 44 months. Another 200,000 Americans went back to work last month. The American auto industry has come roaring back with more than 350,000 new jobs – jobs churning out and selling the high-tech, fuel-efficient cars the world wants to buy. And they’re leading the charge in a manufacturing sector that has added jobs for the first time since the 1990s – a big reason why our businesses sell more goods and services ―Made in America‖ than ever before. We decided to reverse our addiction to foreign oil. And today, we generate more renewable energy than ever, more natural gas than anybody, and for the first time in nearly 20 years, America now produces more oil than we buy from other countries. We decided to fix a broken health care system. And even though the rollout of the marketplace where you can buy affordable plans has been rough, so far, about 500,000 Americans are poised to gain health coverage starting January 1st. And by the way, health care costs are growing at the slowest rate in 50 years. And one more thing: since I took office, we’ve cut our deficits by more than half. And that makes it easier to invest in the things that create jobs – education, research, and infrastructure. Imagine how much farther along we could be if both parties were working together. Think about what we could do if a reckless few didn’t hold the economy hostage every few months, or waste time on dozens of votes to repeal the Affordable Care Act rather than try to help us fix it. In the weeks ahead, I’ll keep talking about my plan to build a better bargain for the middle class. Good jobs. A good education. A chance to buy a home, save, and retire. And yes, the financial security of affordable health care. And I’ll look for any willing partners who want to help. Because of your hard work and tough sacrifices over the past five years, we’re pointed in the right direction. But we’ve got more work to do to keep moving that way. And as long as I’m President, I’ll keep doing everything I can to create jobs, grow the economy, and make
sure that everyone who works hard has a chance to get ahead. Thanks, and have a great weekend. 56. Which of the following is not the reason for people’s frustration with the government? A. The government shut down C. The addiction to foreign oil B. Unemployment rate D. The launch of the Affordable Care Act
57. Why does the president mention more goods and services ―Made in America‖? A. To show that American goods and services are very popular. B. To indicate that American people should be dependent on themselves. C. To show that the employment rate has been increased. D. To show that American auto industry enjoys high technology. 58. What’s the meaning of the underlined word ―repeal‖? A. To abolish B. To protect C. To strengthen D. To weaken
59. According to the speech, which of the following can be implied? A. American people have every reason to feel frustrated with the government. B. Health care costs are growing at the slowest rate in 50 years. C. The president feels sorry that the economy is not moving in the right direction. D. Some government officials don’t agree with the president on the medical care system. B Are we getting more stupid? According to Gerald Crabtree, a scientist at Stanford University in the US, we are. You may not want to hear this, but Crabtree believes that human intelligence reached its peak more than 2,000 years ago and ever since then has been going downhill. ―If an average Greek from 1,000 BC were transported to modern times, he or she would be one of the brightest among us,‖ Crabtree told The Guardian. At the heart of Crabtree’s thinking is a simple idea. In the past, intelligence was critical for survival when our ancestors had to avoid dangerous animals and hunt for food. The difference of being smart or stupid is often life or death. However, after the spread of agriculture, when our ancestors began to live in dense farming communities, the need to keep
their intelligence in peak condition gradually reduced. This is not hard to understand. Most of the time, pressure is what keeps us going – you need the pressure from your teachers to finish your homework; the pressure of looking pretty prompts you to lose weight when summer comes. And the same is also true of our intelligence – if we think less, we become less smart. These mutations(变异) are harmful to our intelligence and they were all developed in the past 3,000 years. The other evidence that Crabtree holds is in our genes. He found that among the 2,000 to 5,000 genes that we have that determine human intelligence, there are two or more mutations in each of us. However, Crabtree’s theory has been criticized by some who say that early humans may have better hunting and surviving abilities, but people today have developed a more diverse intelligence. For example, spearing a tiger doesn’t necessarily require more brainpower than playing chess or writing a poem. Moreover, the power of modern education means a lot more people have the opportunity to learn nowadays. ―You wouldn’t get Stephen Hawking 2,000 years ago. He just wouldn’t exist,‖ Thomas Hills of the University of Warwick, UK, told Live Science. ―But now we have people of his intellectual capacity doing things and making insights that we would never have achieved in our environment of evolutionary adaptation.‖ 60. What is Crabtree’s recent finding according to the article? A. The Greeks from 1,000 BC could have been the smartest in human history. B. Our ancient ancestors had no better surviving abilities than we do nowadays. C. Humans have been getting steadily more intelligent since the invention of farming. D. Mutations in genes that decide human intelligence have affected the development of intelligence. 61. According to Crabtree, ancient humans _______. A. had much more genes that determine human intelligence B. were forced to be smart due to natural selection pressures C. relied more on group intelligence than individual intelligence
D. developed a diverse intelligence to adapt to the harsh realities 62. Some argue that Crabtree’s theory is false because they think _______. A. people today are under much more pressure than early humans B. it’s ridiculous to compare a hunter’s and a poet’s intelligence C. modern education is far more advanced than ancient education D. human intelligence nowadays is different from that of the distant past 63. What is Thomas Hills’ attitude toward Crabtree’s theory? A. Supportive B. Unfavorable C. Worried D. Confused.
64. The main aim of Environment Awareness Week is to _____. A. educate the public on protecting the environment B. discuss global warming and other environmental problems C. explain ways for producing freshwater to save the environment D. learn about renewable energy sources that protect the environment
65. The organizer of the event is _____.
A. Global Gaia Network C. Green Earth Foundation
B. Clean Energy Agency D. International Environment Fund
66. Which of the following statements is NOT true of the event? ________ A. It will last a week and the halls will be open 11 hours a day. B. You can send an email to Mrs. Daisy Soh for more information. C. Each hall charges the same amount of money as the other. D. Lectures in Hall 1 will be given by university students. D Picture a typical MBA lecture theatre twenty years ago. In it the majority of students will have conformed to the standard model of the time: male, middle class and Western. Walk into a class today, however, and you’ll get a completely different impression. For a start, you will now see plenty more women—the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, for example, boasts that 40% of its new enrolment is female. You will also see a wide range of ethnic groups and nationals of practically every country. It might be tempting, therefore, to think that the old barriers have been broken down and equal opportunity achieved. But, increasingly, this apparent diversity is becoming a mask for a new type of conformity. Behind the differences in sex, skin tones and mother tongues, there are common attitudes, expectations and ambitions which risk creating a set of clones among the business leaders of the future. Diversity, it seems, has not helped to address fundamental weaknesses in business leadership. So what can be done to create more effective managers of the commercial world? According to Valerie Gauthier, associate dean at HEC Paris, the key lies in the process by which MBA programmes recruit their students. At the moment candidates are selected on a fairly narrow set of criteria such as prior academic and career performance, and analytical and problem solving abilities. This is then coupled to a school’s picture of what a diverse class should look like, with the result that passport, ethnic origin and sex can all become influencing factors. But schools rarely dig down to find out what really makes an applicant succeed, to create a class which also contains diversity of attitude and approach—arguably
the only diversity that, in a business context, really matters. Professor Gauthier believes schools should not just be selecting candidates from traditional sectors such as banking, consultancy and industry. They should also be seeking individuals who have backgrounds in areas such as political science, the creative arts, history or philosophy, which will allow them to put business decisions into a wider context. Indeed, there does seem to be a demand for the more rounded leaders such diversity might create. A study by Mannaz, a leadership development company, suggests that, while the bully-boy chief executive of old may not have been eradicated completely, there is a definite shift in emphasis towards less tough styles of management—at least in America and Europe. Perhaps most significant, according to Mannaz, is the increasing interest large companies have in more collaborative management models, such as those prevalent in Scandinavia, which seek to integrate the hard and soft aspects of leadership and encourage delegated responsibility and accountability. 67. What characterizes the business school student population of today? A. Greater diversity. C. Exceptional diligence. B. Intellectual maturity. D. Higher ambition.
68. What is the author’s concern about current business school education? A. It will arouse students’ unrealistic expectations. B. It will produce business leaders of a uniform style. C. It focuses on theory rather than on practical skills. D. It stresses competition rather than cooperation. 69. What aspect of diversity does Valerie Gauthier think is most important? A. Age and educational background. B. Social and professional experience. C. Attitude and approach to business. D. Ethnic origin and gender.
70. What does Mannaz say about the current management style? A. It is eradicating the tough aspects of management. B. It encourages male and female executives to work side by side. C. It adopts the bully-boy chief executive model.
D. It is shifting towards more collaborative models. 第Ⅱ卷（非选择题，共 35 分) 第四部分：任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请 认 真 阅 读 下 列 短 文 ， 并 根 据 所 读 内 容 在 文 章 后 表 格 中 的 空 格 里 填 入 一 个 最 恰 当 的 单 词 。 注 意 ： 每 个 空 格 只 填 1个 单 词 。 Disability aids are vital to those who suffer problems with executing work with two hands. These are people who have been disabled due to some major sickness or some other problems. In order to help them carry on their work in the normal way, disability aids are manufactured. This helps them make their life a lot easier than what it would have been without these aids. The kind of disability aids that an individual might require depends on the person only. It is the problem that a person faces that decides the aids that he/she will use for carrying out their respective jobs. The following is the list of a few disability aids that come of significant use. The first and foremost aid is the stocking aid, aiding the individuals suffering from the problem of bending down to reach the foot and wear their own socks. These stocking aids have a gutter(槽) that is made up of plastic material. These gutters are shaped in a certain way along with the attachment of cotton tapes in it. The sock is then put over the gutter. The foot is placed inside the gutter. The cotton tapes help in pulling the socks up the leg and subsequently the sock. In this manner, the sock is worn by a person who has problems wearing it by bending one’s back and reaching the foot. There are openers that help the people who have problems with their hands or wrists to open bottles of ketchup, jam and other such bottles and jars that necessitates the use of hands and fingers. The third type of disability aids that comes to our minds are lifts. Now what are lifts? Lifts are certain machines that help in lifting people from specific areas, such as a bathtub or a set of stairs. These lifts are of varied types and come for numerous applications. It is for the individual to decide the type that he/she requires to use. For people, who have problems in balancing their upper bodies in a stable manner, there is something known as grab rails. These grab rails are installed for those who have mobility
problems in their upper bodies. These rails come in varieties of shapes, sizes and angles. These grab rails are available to home users as well, in their different variations. One can purchase and fix one to their homes according to one’s specificities. These grab rails require the act of screwing and drilling in order to fix them to their appropriate place. The prices of these rails also vary according to the variation of their shapes and sizes. A portable book holder is a much sought-after disability aid. It can be used by anybody for that matter, not just the disabled. These portable book holders are light-weight and can be easily moved about. These holders relieve the strains on one’s hands, necks and shoulders that might occur due to the handling of a book. The holders are provided with extended legs that help in placing the reading material at suitable distance. Thus with the help of these disability aids, the old and disabled people can make their lives much more convenient and comfortable that would otherwise have been a cumbersome and complex one. Disability Aids Theme Disability aids are important to people with disabilities (71) some major sickness or other problems. Stocking aids They can be used to help individuals not (73) whose bodies are from
enough to reach their feet to put on socks
by themselves. They can be used to aid the disabled to open the bottles when the use of hands or wrists is a (74) .
Openers Different (72) ▲ aids of Lifts
They can be used to lift people from specific areas. They come in (75) numerously. Grab rails Book holders They can be used to keep their balance in a stable manner after proper (77) . of strains of types and are (76)
They can be used to help with the (78)
on one’s hands , necks and shoulders when reading.
these disability aids, the life of the old and disabled would
become cumbersome and complex.
第五部分 书面表达（25 分） 请根据你对下面漫画的理解，以―Should we help the old who fall down on the street?‖ 为题，用英语写一篇作文。
你的作文应包括以下内容： 1．简要描述漫画内容； 2．分析不愿扶老人的原因，至少两点； 3．你的观点。 注意： 1．参考词汇：肇事者： trouble maker 2．作文词数：150 左右； Should we help the old who fall down on the street? As we can see in the picture，
一、听力：1-5 ACCBC 二、单选 21-25 A DADC 三 、 完型 阅 读 DABAC
6-10 ABCBA 11-15 AAACC 26-30 CDCCB 31-35 DCACB 41-45 CABDB
四、阅读理解：56-59 DCAD 60-63 DBDB 64-66 ADC 67-70 ABCD 五、任务型阅读 71. resulting 72. types / kinds 73. flexible 74. necessary / must 75. varieties 76. applied 77. installation 78. relief 79. Conclusion 80. Without 六、写作： As we can see in the picture, an old man falls down on the street, but no one offers help to him. The passers-by fear that they will be mistaked for the trouble maker. The picture reflects that many people are not willing to help the old who fall down on the street. Several factors may contribute to this phenomenon. Some people refuse to help the old because they don’t think they can give the old correct medical care due to a lack of professional skills. Another major reason is that they are afraid of being charged with knocking him or her down and getting themselves into trouble if they help the old. As for me, we should help the old who fall down on the street. As we all know, it is a traditional Chinese virtue to show respect for and take good care of the old. If we come across an old person who falls down on the street, we can lend him or her a helping hand by calling the medical care centre. I hope there will be less indifference and more warmth in our society.