福州三中 2009—2010 学年度高二第二学期期末考试
英 语 试 题
（完卷时间：120 分钟；满分：150 分）
第一卷（共三部分；满分 100 分）
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1．What do we know about the man?s car? A．It doesn?t work at all. B．It can be used as usual. C．In a hotel. 2．Where does this conversation probably take place? A．In a bank. B．In a store. C．In a hotel. 3．What does the woman look like in the picture? A．She looks thinner. B．She looks fatter. C．She looks taller.． 4．What is the relationship between the two speakers? A．A wristwatch. B．A young lady. C．A young man. 5．What is the relationship between the two speakers? A．Teacher and student. B．Boss and employee. C．Guard and visitor 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6．How long haven?t they seen each other? A．For a few months B．For about one year. C．For a few years. 7．Who broke the leg? A．The man?s son B．The man. C．The man?s wife. 8．What is his wife doing on Monday nights? A．Taking care of their son. B．Studying at a school. C．Teaching at a school. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9．What is Jack worried about when he starts college? A．He will have to practice a lot.
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B．His time off will put him at a disadvantage. C．His former classmates will graduate this year. 10．After how many years did Susan give Jack about his study? A．One year. B．Two years. C．Three years. 11．What advice does Susan give Jack about his study? A．Don?t take too many courses. B．Don?t take the English major. C．Don?t expect to catch on quickly. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12．What does the man think of China Town in San Francisco? A．It?s the best in the U.S. B．It?s like any other town. C．It?s larger than his own town. 13．Why does the Chinese New Year change every year? A．It?s set as a holiday. B．It?s in the extra month C．It?s based on the different calendars. 14．In what year was the man born? A．Year of the Ox. B．Year or the Pig. C．Year of the Rooster. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15．What does the man most possibly do? A．A teacher. B．A tour guide. C．A driver. 16．Where does the woman specially want to visit? A．The Great Wall and the Summer Palace. B．The Summer Palace and the Ming Tombs. C．The Great Wall and the Temple of Heaven. 17．How long will it take to go to the Great Wall by car? A．Half an hour. B．One hour. C．One and a half hours. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18．What are friendlies.（福娃）？ A．They are five friendly children. B．They are Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. C．They are five animals. 19．What does Beibei stand for? A．It stands for being rich B．It stands for Olympic Flame. C．It stands for being friendly. 20．From the passage, we can learn that . A．Friendlies are ambassadors of China. B . Friendlies are offering an invitation for the Olympic Games. C．Frendlies are sold at a high price. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共二节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小 题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题
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卡上将该项涂黑。 21．The old king decided to retire and the heavy load of responsibility to his three daughters. A．hear out B．take over C．hand over D．speak out 22． to be the greatest writer of plays in the English-speaking world, Williams Shakespeare is more famous than he was in his own lifetime. A．Considered B．To be considered C．Having considered D．Considering 23．—Who has made a mess in my room? —Who else it but your naughty son? A．could do B．could have done C．should do D．should have done 24．The fact she has not said anything at the meeting all of us. A．what; surprised B．what; was surprised C．that; surprised D．that; was surprising 25．Eye-witness accounts of the fighting greatly from police reports of what happened. A．differ B．distinguish C．change D．adapt 26．It is unreasonable to stick with small commercial banks whether they offer the best deal. A．regardless of B．in terms of C．in favour of D．in case of 27．I hear that you two are getting married. This a celebration. A．calls for B．makes up C．stands for D．calls up 28．A notice was in order to remind the students of the changed lecture time. A．fed up B．given up C．set up D．put up 29．The new minister is taking measures aimed at the economy to full strength. A．seizing B．restoring C．striking D．casting 30．The news agency had got hold of some secret government papers for tomorrow?s headlines. A．somewhat B．somehow C．somebody D．sometimes 31．—The sales clerk in that company was but helpful. —I couldn?t agree more. The last time I were there he treated me like dirt. A．something B．everything C．nothing D．anything 32．Every possible means , but none prove successful. A．has tried B．has been tried C．is being tried D．tried 33．By this time next year he from the college. A．will be graduating B．should be graduating C．will have graduated D．is graduating 34．—“This cloth well and long.” —“Ok. I?ll take it.” A．washes lasts B．is washed/lasted C．washes/is lasted D．is washing/lasting 35．He received a telegram “Mother Sick.” A．written B．said C．reading D．writing 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
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Recently, I flew to Las Vegas to attend a meeting. As we were about to arrive, the pilot announced with apology that there would be a slight 36 before setting down. High desert winds had 37 the airport to close all but one runway. He said that we would be 38 the city for a few minutes w aiting to 39 . We were also told to remain in our seats mean while with our seat belts fastened 40 there might be a few bumps．We11，that few minutes turned into about four—five minutes，including a ride that would make a roller coaster by comparison. The movement was so fierce that several passengers felt 42 and had to use airsickness bags（呕吐袋）. As you might guess，tha t?s not good thing to have happen in a（n） 43 space because it only 44 to increase the discomfort of the situation. About twenty minutes into the adventure，the entire airplane became very 45 There was now a sense of anxiety and fear that could be 46 noticed．Every passenger simply held on for dear life …except one. A 47 was having a good time! With each bump of the 48 !he would let out a giggle（咯咯的笑）of delight As I observed this，I 49 that he didn?t know he was supposed to be afraid and worried about his 50 He neither thought about the past nor about the future Those are what we grown—ups have learned from 51 .He was 52 the ride because had not yet been taught to fear it. Having understood this，I took a deep breath and 53 back into my seat，pretending I was 54 on a roller coaster. I smiled for the rest of the flight. I even 55 to giggle once or twice ,much to the chagrin（随恼）of the man sitting next to me holding the airsickness bag. 36．A．mistake B．delay C．change D．wind 37．A．forced B．warned C．swept D．reminded 38．A．watching B．visiting C．circling D．crossing 39．A．arrive B．enter C．stop D．land 40．A．if B．though C．because D．while 41．A．light B．pale C．easy D．quick 42．A ．sick B．nervous C．angry D．afraid 43．A．empty B．narrow C．secret D．open 44．A．happens B．continues C．fails D．serves 45．A．quiet B．hot C．dirty D．crowded 46．A．partly B．gradually C．shortly D．clearly 47．A．pilot B．baby C．guard D．man 48．A．seats B．passengers C．flight D．airplane 49．A．realized B．hoped C．agreed D．insisted 50．A．health B．safety C．joy D．future 51．A．teachers B．books C．experience D．practice 52．A．learning B．taking C．missing D．enjoying 53．A．sat B．lay C．went D．rode 54．A．nearly B．finally C．really D．suddenly 55．A．attempted B．managed C．wanted D．decided 第三部分：阅读 第一节：阅读理解（共 12 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 24 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Batteries can power anything from small sensors to large systems. While scientists are
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finding ways to make them smaller but even more powerful, problems can arise when these batteries are much larger and heavier than the devices（装置）themselves. University of Missouri （MU） researchers are developing a nuclear energy source that is smaller, lighter and more efficient. “To provide enough power, we need certain methods with high energy density （密度） said ”， Jae Kwon, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at MU. “The radioisotope 放 （ 射性同位素） battery can provide power density that is much higher than chemical batteries.” Kwon and his research team have been working on building a small nuclear battery, presently the size and thickness of a penny, intended to power various micro / nanoelectromechanical systems （M/NEMS）. Although nuclear batteries can cause concerns, Kwon said they are safe. “People hear the word ?nuclear? and think of something very dangerous,” he said, “However, nuclear power sources have already been safely powering a variety of devices, such as pace-makers, space satellites and underwater systems.” His new idea is not only in the battery?s size, but also in its semiconductor 半导体） Kwon?s （ . battery uses a liquid semiconductor rather than a solid semiconductor. “The key part of using a radioactive battery is that when you harvest the energy, part of the radiation energy can damage the lattice structure（晶体结构）of the solid semiconductor,” Kwon said, “By using a liquid semiconductor, we believe we can minimize that problem.” Together with J. David Robertson, chemistry professor and associate director of the MU Research Reactor, Kwon is working to build and test the battery. In the future, they hope to increase the battery?s power, shrink its size and try with various other materials. Kwon said that battery could be thinner than the thickness of human hair. 56．Which of the following is true of Jae Kwon? A．He teaches chemistry at MU. B．He developed a chemical battery. C．He is working on a nuclear energy source. D．He made a breakthrough in computer engineering. 57．Jae Kwon gave examples in Paragraph 4_________. A．to show chemical batteries are widely applied. B．to introduce nuclear batteries can be safely used. C．to describe a nuclear-powered system. D．to introduce various energy sources. 58．Liquid semiconductor is used to _________. A．get rid of the radioactive waste B．test the power of nuclear batteries. C．decrease the size of nuclear batteries D．reduce the damage to lattice structure. 59．According to Jae Kwon, his nuclear battery _______. A．uses a solid semiconductor. B．will soon replace the present ones. C．could be extremely thin. D．has passed the final test. B Below is a housing guide for students going to London.
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University accommodation office Many university accommodation offices have their own list of registered landlords (房东). Others also provide information on accommodation agencies and other housing organizations. The advantage of using your university accommodation office is that you can get some support if you have 'a problem. The disadvantage is that they are unlikely to have enough registered landlords to house all their students. Property papers: Loot and Renting Loot is an important source (来源) of information about private housing for co-renters. The offers are from private landlords, agencies and individuals looking for other co-renters. They also have a website: www. loot. com. The advantage of using Loot is that there are some excellent bargains. The disadvantage is that there is no quality control over the offers. Renting is another useful paper. The offers in this paper are mainly from accommodation agencies. Their website is at www. Renting.co. uk. Accommodation agencies The majority of rented accommodation in London is probably advertised through accommodation agencies. The advantage of using accommodation agencies is that you will have access to a large number of accommodations. A good agent will listen to your requirements and can save you time in looking for the right accommodation. The disadvantage is that they will make a range of charges to potential renters. Noticeboards Around the universities you will find a number of noticeboards where offers of accommodation will be posted. These will either be from landlords or from students. Some universities will also have online noticeboards where students can advertise to other students. Advertisements from students can be an excellent way to find accommodation. However, advertisements from landlords can be problematic. Word of mouth Some of the best housing in London is never advertised but is passed on from one group of students to another by word of mouth. It might be that you can find out about good offers from final year students. However, don't suppose that just because you have found out about housing from a friend it is necessarily, going to be better than that found through any other source. Family Faced with the very high rents charged in London, some students and their parents will consider buying as an alternative. In some cases this might be a good choice 60．What is the advantage of using Loot? A．It has more offers from accommodation agencies than Renting. B．It gives you personal information about other co-renters. C．Their website is designed mainly for students. D．There are some good bargains. 61．A good agent can help you . A．know more people B．find cheap accommodation C．get the right accommodation quickly
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D．get free information about mos t accommodations 62．The information passed on by word of mouth is important because . A．it is better than that found through any other source B．it helps you find some of the best housing never advertised C．the final year students always offer better information D．the landlords have little valuable information 63．For students going to London for the first time, which of the following provides the most reliable information? A．University accommodation offices. B．Loot and Renting. C．Noticeboards. D．Family. C Usually, when your teacher asks a question, there is only one correct answer. But there is one question that has millions of current answers. That question is “What?s your name?” Everyone gives a different answer, but everyone is correct. Have you ever wondered about people?s names? Where do they come from? What do they mean? People?s first names, or given names, are chosen by their parents. Sometimes the name of a grandparent or other member of the family is used. Some parents choose the name of a well-known person. A boy could be named George Washington Smith; a girl could be named Helen Keller Jones. Some people give their children names that mean good things. Clara means “bright”; Beatrice means “one who gives happiness”; Donald means “world ruler”; Leonard means “as brave as a lion”. The earliest last names, or surnames, were taken from place names. A family with the name Brook or Brooks probably lived near brook(小溪)；someone who was called Longstreet probably lived on a long, paved road. The Greenwood family lived in or near a leafy forest. Other early surnames came from people?s occupations. The most common occupational name is Smith, which means a person who makes things with iron or other metals. In the past, smiths were very important workers in every town and village. Some other occupational names are: Carter — a person who owned or drove a cart; Potter —a person who made pots and pans. The ancestors of the Baker family probably baked bread for their neighbors in their native village. The Carpenter?s great-great-great-grandfather probably built houses and furniture. Sometimes people were known for the color of their hair or skin, or their size, or their special abilities. When there were two men who were named John in the same village, the John with the gray hair probably became John Gray. Or the John was very tall could call himself John Tallman. John Fish was probably an excellent swimmer and John Lightfoot was probably a fast runner or a good dancer. Some family names were made by adding something to the father?s name. English-speaking people added –s or –son. The Johnsons are descendants of John; the Roberts family?s ancestor was Robert. Irish and Scottish people added Mac or Mc or O. Perhaps all of the MacDonnells and the McDonnells and the O?Donnells are descendants of the same Donnell. 64．Which of the following aspects do the surnames in the passage NOT cover?
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A．Places where people lived. B．People?s characters. C．Talents that people possessed. D．People?s occupations. 65．According to the passage, the ancestors of the Potter family most probably _______. A．owned or drove a cart B．made things with metals C．made kitchen tools or contains D．built houses and furniture 66．Suppose and English couple whose ancestors lived near a leafy forest wanted their new-born son to become a world leader, the baby might be named _______. A．Beatrice Smith B．Leonard Carter C．George Longstreet D．Donald Greenwood 67．The underlined word “descendants” in the last paragraph means a person?s _____ A．later generations B．friends and relatives C．colleagues and partners D．later sponsors 第二节.根据课文适当填空.（每小格 1 分，总分 11 分） She had almost reached her destination when a delicious smell 68 her progress and she stopped .So the men had brought home the meat for the 69. !The smell of cooking meat filled the air 70. her, and her senses became 71. with hunger…. 72. she sat down, only to be scooped up by her laughing, shouting sister, Lala smiled with 73. . Leave the beaten track occasionally and 74. into the woods. Every time you do you will be 75. to find something that you have never seen before. Follow it up, 76. all around it, and before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about to 77. your mind. All really big discoveries are the result of 78. .
第二卷（满分 50 分）
Ⅰ：阅读理解： （共 8 小题，每题 1 分，总分 8 分） （A） Chocolate might lower your chances of having a heart problem. According to a new study, a new study, a small amount of chocolate every day could decrease the risk of having a heart attack, by nearly 40 percent, German researchers followed nearly 20,000 people over eight years, sending them several questionnaires about their diet and exercise habits. They found people who had an an average of six grams of chocolate a day—or about one square of a chocolate bar—had a 39 percent lower risk of a heart attack. Previous studies have suggested dark chocolate in small amounts could be good for you, but this is the first study to track its effects over such a long period. Experts think the flavonols（黄酮 醇）contained in chocolate are responsible. Flavonols, also found in vegetables and red wine, help the muscles in blood vessels（血管）widen, which leads to a drop in blood pressure. “It?s a bit too early to come up with recommendations that people should eat more chocolate, but if people replace sugar or high-fat snacks with a little piece of dark chocolate, that might help,” said Brian Buijsse, a doctor at the German Institute of Human Nutrition in Nuthetal, Germany, the study?s lead author. The people tracked by Buijsse and colleagues had no history of heart problems, had similar habits for risk factors like smoking and exercise, and did not vary widely in their Body Mass Index（身体质量指数）. Since the study only observed people and did not give them chocolate directly to test what its
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effects were, experts said more research was needed to determine the candy?s exact impact on the body. Doctors also warned that eating large amounts of chocolate could lead to weight gain. “This is not a prescription（指示）to eat more chocolate,” said Robert Eckel, a professor of medicine at the University of Colorado who is not linked to the study. “If we all had (a small amount of)chocolate every day for the rest of our lives, we would all gain a few pounds.” Eckel said it was amazing to find such a small amount of chocolate could have such a protective effect, but that more studies were needed to confirm its conclusions. 1．What is the main purpose of the article? A．To suggest people eat as much dark chocolate as possible. B．To warn people not to eat too much chocolate. C．To tell people how to avoid a heart attack. D．To report on a study about the benefits of chocolate. 2．Both Buijsse and Eckel believe that . A．dark chocolate in enough amounts could be good for our health B．eating large amounts of chocolate could lead to weight gain C．we can cure our heart problems with dark chocolate D．we?d better not advise people to eat more chocolate at present 3．Which of the following statements about the study is FALSE? A．It?s the first time that the effects of dark chocolate has been examined. B．The researchers followed nearly 20,000 people for over eight years. C．The researchers didn?t give any diet instructions to the people followed by the study. D．The study found that eating about six grams of chocolate a day was beneficial. 4．We can infer from the text that . A．eating a small amount of dark chocolate will lower your blood pressure B．scientists are now certain of the effects of dark chocolate C．eating a little chocolate over a long period will not lead to weight gain D．Flavonols can only be found in dark chocolate and red wine （B） If you are a recent social science graduate who has had to listen to jokes about unemployment from your computer major classmates, you may have had the last laugh. There are many advantages for the social science major because this high-tech "Information Age" demands people who are flexible and who have good communication skills. There are many social science majors in large companies who fill important positions. For example , a number of research studies found that social science majors had achieved greater managerial success than those who had technical training or pre-professional courses. Studies show that social science majors are most suited for change, which is the leading feature (特点) of the kind of high speed, high-pressure, high-tech world we now live in. Social science majors are not only experiencing success in their long-term company jobs, but they are also finding jobs more easily. A study showed that many companies had filled a large percentage of their entry-level positions with social science graduates. The study also showed that the most sought-after quality in a person who was looking for a job was communication skills, noted as "very important" by 92 percent of the companies. Social science majors have these skills, often without knowing how important they are. It is probably due to these skills that they have been offered a wide variety of positions. Finally, although some social science majors may still find it more difficult than their
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technically trained classmates to land the first job, recent graduates report that they don' t regret their choice of study. 5．By saying that "you may have had the last laugh" in the first paragraph, the author means that you may have _______ A．shared the jokes with computer majors B．earned as much as computer majors C．found jobs more easily than computer majors D．stopped joking about computer majors 6．Compared with graduates of other subjects, social science graduates ____. A．are ready to change when situations change B．Bare better able to deal with difficulties C．are equally good at computer skills D．are likely to give others pressure 7．The underlined word "land" in the last paragraph probably means _______ A．keep for some time B．successfully get C．immediately start D．lose regretfully 8．According to the text, what has made it easy for social science graduates to find jobs? A．Willingness to take low-paid jobs. B．Readiness to gain high-tech knowledge. C．Skills in expressing themselves. D．Part-time work experience Ⅱ：单词拼写： （共 12 小题，每小题 1 分，总分 12 分） 1．California has the d of being the most multicultural state in the USA. 2．It never o to him that his wife was having an affair. 3．If you don?t apply for a p on your invention, someone might steal the idea. 4．These curtains were once bright green but the sun has f them. 5．Sorry to i you, but there?s someone to see you. 6．Many local people （反对）to the building of the airport. 7．They tried in v （徒劳）to persuade her to go. 8．I can?t （忍受）having cats at home. 9．He made a number of rude （评论）about the food. 10．She took a mouthful of food and then suddenly （吐）it out. 11．Although the great painter died in poverty, his paintings are worth a f nowadays. 12．He isn?t often late for school. He comes to school late only （偶而）. Ⅲ：短文填词： （共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，总分 10 分） Last weekend we went mountain climbing. Even the heavy Rain in the morning could not p us going. Setting 1． off very early, we went a an extremely narrow road, all 2． in high spirits. On each s of the road were green fields 3． and some farm houses. We could h the sound of the 4． rain and our footsteps （混合）with our laughter. At noon 5． we （到达）the top of the mountain. What surprised us 6． most there was the beauty of the scenes. Having a short 7． rest there and （分享）food we brought, we 8． started going down. It rained even h .We were 9．
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wet to the skin, we still sang and laughed happily. 10． Ⅳ：作文： （满分 20 分） 全世界的环境问题在变得越来越严重。请你根据漫画内容和下面要求给 China Daily 写 一封信反映这一情况，并提出保护环境的建议。
注意： 1．信的开头与结尾已经给出，不计算在总词数内。 2．字数要求：120 左右。 人口膨胀 population expansion;过度开发 overdevelopment。
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（一卷） 听力： 1—5：BABCB 6—10：BABBB 11—15： AACCB 16—20：ACBAB 单选： 21—25：CABCA 26—30：AADBB 31—35：DBCAC 完形： 36—40：BACDC 41—45：BABDA 46—50：DBDAB 51—55：CDACB 阅读：56—59：CBDC 60—64：DCBA 65—68：BCDA 课文填空： 68．Arrested 69．Feast 70．surrounding 71．dizzy 72．Abruptly 73．Relief 74．dive 75．Certain 76．explore 77．occupy 78．Thought （二卷） 阅读：1—4：DDAA 5—8：CABC 单词拼写： 1．distinction 2．occurred 3．patent 4．faded 5．interrupt 6．objected 7．vain 8．bear/stand 9．comments/remarks 10．spit/spat 11．fortune 12．occasionally 短文填词： 1．prevent 2．along 3．side 4．hear 5．mixed 6．reached 7．After 8．sharing 9．harder 10．but 书面表达 Dear editor, Environmental problems are becoming more and more serious all over the world. With the development of industry and agriculture, cars make great noises and give off poisonous gas. Because of population expansion and overdevelopment, resources has become less and less. Trees on the hills have been cut down, and waste water water is being poured continuously into rivers. The whole ecological balance of the earth is changing. Massive destruction of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat to man?s existence. We must face the situation that exists and take actions to solve our environmental problems. We hope that all these measures will be effective and bring back a healthful environment. Yours truly Li Hua
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